Do you know when leaves are at their best for asthma, green, yellow, orange, red or maroon? Hi there, I am an Arborist of 25 Years and living in New Zealand. I hope someone can help me with a plant ID, though I doubt it is at all edible it is ridiculously common. I have just been made aware of using sumac for lemonade and am so excited! Keokuk, IA 52632 Traditionally the Iroquois and other southern Ontario tribesmen would smoke this mixed with tobacco or just plain without tobacco. (319) 524-4576. Thank you for any information you may have! Smokable in traditional tobacco mixes. The best time to collect it is in late july or mid august out here, and you want to try to harvest after a stretch of at least three days of dry sunny weather. It makes a wonderful spice rub. Scrape them over a screen or sieve to clean the pulp from the seeds. It was verry tasty. it would give the mouth a dry feeling. We kept it, as it reminded me of a similar looking tree of my childhood in Africa. Thank you sooooo much for this great site and wonderful article! If you see pith, which is an off-white core, it is too old. Yes, but… this does not explain the shift from referring to the acid on the drupes first as malic acid and then. Some people mistakenly call the seeds “pink peppercorns” but true “pink peppercorns” come from a Madagascar relative, not the Brazilian Pepper found in the New World. Fast-growing, pest- and disease-free and drought tolerant, it is the only shrub found in all 48 contiguous states. I would love to finally know! Those ladies were not eating berries from the same species from which those expensive pink peppercorns are made. Hopefully soon!! The “bobs” of berries can be cut off and dried for later use. It is a tree that was prevalent in the city, it sprung up in any crack or crevice with soil. You can smoke them. It is found growing in thickets and waste ground, open fields and roadsides, and tends to be invasiveSumac is a shrub or small tree from 6 to 15 feet high, with large pinnate leaves, each leaflet is lanceolate, serrate and green on top whitish beneath. As long as the seeds are tart they can be used. Are they still ok to use for sumac lemonade? She would boil the seeds in water, then strain it and pour the liquid over the dolma which is small eggplant and grape leaves stuffed with ground lamb and rice, parsley and spices. These drupes are not uniformly that color but usually just half the drupe. Love your site, I intend to explore it! Pam. (Dandelion jelly, Mostly Blackberry jam from the ravine near our house, and now Sumac Jelly.). It was very expensive back home and considered a delicacy. Thanks! Edibility is the question. Ha I finally found it by accident, it’s called “tree of heaven”! I now read it may be poisoness. Cashews have a poisonous shell. Most wild-edible foragers are familiar with using sumac for the lemonade-like beverage you can make from it, however few know about the other important edible it provides: the peeled shoots. Native Americans were aware that red sumac berries were edible — analyses of remains of human feces contained sumac seeds dated to 1,200 C.E. That has not been my experience. Acid on hairs on the berries is used to make an ade. Most provide delicious and nutritious fruit, but many also have edible leaves, seeds, flowers, stems or roots, or they yield edible … I first … In the fall the leaves turn a bright red. For most peaches, the exocarp is fuzzy just like the exocarp of a Staghorn Sumac drupe. One we called the “giant tea bag,” the other the “two-minute stir.” I’d be happy to send you a pdf describing each, if you would like it. I wasn’t sure what to do with them or even if they were edible so I just let them dry because they are such a beautiful deep red color. Evening Grosbeaks and Ruffed Grouse will eat the fruit. Smooth Sumac and Winged Sumac drupes are hairless when examined under a stereomicroscope. So now that sumac season is upon us, I look … yes, it’s in the article. The most commonly eaten parts of sumac plants are the ripe red berries. After 20 years of controlling and manipulating variables, we came up with two techniques that we felt produced good results. I pick it in the fall when the leaves first turn red and hang clusters of the compound leaves upside-down until dry. While spring may be a dry time for sumac pods, I’ve recently learned that the shoots are edible! The seeds have an oil that can be made into candle wax. You can eat it raw or cooked. Marion, Marion that is a great recipe! You’ll need to scrape off the oily residue of the sour drupe coat that comes through and clings to the underside of the screen. They make a purple-colored spice, which is very handy where there are no lemons. I love your videos. they are used to make an ade or dried and ground to make a spice. I just walked out on my deck and saw this beautiful…, Just found 5 of these in a new pollinator garden in Lancaster PA at a non profit. Yes I just did! Look at … The image is less than 1/2 and inch by an inch. Cynthia, I hope you can help me. In about 15 minutes you can pick more then you will possible use. Leave out the lemon juice. Anyone with a trip-to-the-hospital or need-a-shot-of-epinephrine reaction to poison ivy, poison sumac, poison oak, cashews, or mangoes should stay clear of the edible, red-druped sumacs. Dick credits that recipe to his wife, long involved with the Girl Scouts as Dick was with the Boy Scouts. I want to make it into a Spice rub and don’t know how to seperate the pulp from the seed. It’s been a great help to finally know so much about a tree I inherited when I bought my house 14 years ago, and had thought it was a nuisance. While looking into the “drupe” thing, I discovered a staggering (to me) number of websites discussing how humans can use and consume the fruit from Staghorn Sumac shrubs. Thank you in advance. Although I would not recommend eating Rhus Aromatica (a small landscaping plant) its leaves have three rounded lobes unlike edible sumacs which typically have many pointed leaflets. It doesn't matter which one - the Staghorn or Smooth Sumac, as they are the same from an eating perspective. Ground finely, sumac adds color and dimension to squash dishes, hummus, chicken, shrimp or fish. They said they ate it. I might find it online, but I prefer it freshly picked . A further check said a drupe has only one seed… They were so plentiful I know someone can tell me what they are! The spice we see in brick and mortar specialty stores and online is usually imported and derived from a Mediterranean sumac … I have a question regarding the dried Staghorn Sumac: What temperature is the max for preserving the high vitamin C content? It is not, for sure, Ailanthus altissima (tree of heaven) as it does not have the gland on the leaves nor the foul odor characteristic of this species. Sorry for the late reply. How can I collect and store long term?? Each drupe contains one seed but the entire red “spear-point” of drupes has up to 700 seeds. Anacardiaceae (the Cashew or Sumac family) Rhus (the Cashew or Sumac genus). My question: (CT) Tenacious and very fast growing, with a leaf structure very similar to sumac, except, if I remember correctly, it had winged seeds similar to maples, nothing like the heads common to sumacs. They also grow in the winter time. I have fresh sumac and live in Oklahoma I would be glad to send you..You pay shipping and a little for the spice say $10.00 for 1/2 pound.? Sounds like Winged Sumac/Shining Sumac. Is therea good way to do this to keep the color? Or make wine? With that difference in mind, let us proceed. European Sumac, Rhus Coriaria. Needless to say Im pleased enough to let the clonal roots spread around to make more a bit farther away from the house. What it going on? This was my third batch of found-ingredient jam this year, and they’ve all been a success. Your caterpillar may have been ready to pupate--hope it turned into a great moth for…. Mike – I am interested in your findings – I hope you share your pdf’s, even after all these years! Note: In some areas of central Arizona another edible species, … Any experience with Rhus trilobata / skunkbush sumac? areas but to my suprise they are all growing back with wild blueberries. We have had Giant Swallowtails laying eggs on our gas plant (Dictamnus albus) for the past 3 years (in Pickering,…. That might be an exaggeration but it likes to be in wet spots. While many birds eat sumac berries apparently they are not a preferred fruit in that they are amongst the last to be eaten after a long winter. Poison sumac berries are off white. Externally cleaned seeds, when ground, add a lemon-like flavor to salads or meat and is used often in Levant cuisine. But I don’t know if they are edible. gets around. Thanks! Now being July I wanted to collect more. Sumac is extremely plentiful here(outside metro atlanta) and i always enjoy a little on the trail! Speaking of experimenting, my 7th grade science classes experimented with “how to produce consistently good-tasting sumac lemonade.” We worked with Staghorn, Smooth, and Winged Sumacs. The answer to Bob’s question is prickly ash, Xanthoxylum americanum. I have recently joined a micro green group, that grows sprouts n such for food, could or is the staghorn sumac baby plants edible? Deer nibble on the branches, as do people, kind of. What is the best way to remove the outside flesh of the drupes? The water colour is a soft amber when fresh from the fridge but if left overnight on the bed-side table the ade turns greenish blue, left longer the water turns indigo. However, a small percentage of people are emergency-room allergic to the safe sumacs. Dry it and store it as dry whole drupes (berries) and it should keep well in storage for at least 6 months. In fact, we have three in our back yard. Sumacs flowers from May to July and fruit can ripen from June to September. BEECH, FAGUSThe American beech, F. grandifolia, is an exceptional, magnificent and majestic shade tree that definitely deserves to be grown more often in the landscape. added sugar and it made a tart drink similar to cranberries. Would appreciate any links to research studies you might be able to find that show the acids in the sumacs of North America. But when there has been a week or two between rains in warm weather, sumac fruits are oily and tart, not bitter. good they were to eat, also remove wild elderberries from my wooded It is dissapointing though as the drupes stay on the plant through the winter and they are the only sign of organic tastiness where I live while it snows. Your email address will not be published. Have found four on the remains of my milkweed on a cold 9/19/2020 day in SE Wisconsin. Well…. The trouble I bring on myself by getting curious is almost endless. Are they maybe not quite ripe? So perhaps you can improve the taste by timing the foraging. My entire life I’ve known about sumac, but only the dried seeds. Rinse the seeds under warm water to remove any remaining pulp. A lot of people claim that sumac is rich in Vitamin C, but I have yet to see consistent proof of that assertion from laboratory analysis. I mowed over a few of these the other day with the brush hog, and it smelled great, very sweet and fruit-like, but don’t look like the normal Aromatic Sumac. What Is This Orange and Black and White Spiky Caterpillar On the Milkweed? The berries themselves can be used to make a spice, sometimes a tea. I was scanning through the comments and questions about how to remove the drupe from the seed in order to have the “spice”. Please share your sighting with a comment. I just tried some sumac jelly! It appears “Smooth Sumac” (Rhus glabra) is the native edible sumac here. Often forming beautiful stands along … Wow.. I cross checked with many a book and web-sites and I came up with nothing that looks exactly the same. Hi Deene, He was in college on the VA plan, there were NO jobs where we lived and we had no income all summer. I’m on Facebook. You see, the tree has only this year produced flower/seed heads; and appears to be an extension from the neighbouring property’s tree plant. We had a cluster of the mystery trees growing in back of our house and I called them our “CT palms” because of their superficial resemblance. I learned from that book that the sumac berries are good to make a tea that gets rid of sore throats. I am reaching out to you as my last resort. Break off that part then look again. Good times! The seeds of the sumac have tannic acid in them. I would like to grind them into a spice without the seeds. Ground, dried sumac berries … i really wanted to share your site with my best friend, and others on my f.b. Cooking with Sumac. Peeled shoots, raw or cooked. There were no sumac drupes, or seeds available on that site. It is the best sore throat medicine I ever used. I like to boil the berries lightly and drink that as a tea. Merci. Berries … I researched it some more on the internet, and found mentions the berries being pounded and fermented into a sort of mead, but have been unable to find any specifics on the matter. Flowers are yellow and green and small, in clusters at the end of branches. My berries all retained a nice pink color by drying slowly in an oven set around 150 degrees. Getting Started: Sumac is 8 th on our Fabulous Fruit List, and it is an easy beginner forager plant to collect. The sumac color is so beautiful, Iwould like to dry some. METHOD OF PREPARATION: Ripe berries soaked in warm water, filtered then sweetened into an ade. I do hope both your moths and butterflies were able to flourish! How to Grow Sumac From Seed. Just about everywheres… dry places under pines, flatwood scrubs and the like. Call us at 1 315 4971058. Sumac species tend to be regional. Today, I turned to you for info on the Winged Sumac, Yep. A common use seems to be to brew tea from the ripe red fruit. I am happy to have these plants around me. Thanks again. Ovens usually can’t heat low enough to dry them gently (125º-150º). It resembles an alder, has white berries that grow out of leaf axils and prefers to live deep in swamps, meaning you will have to wade to find it. Hi! I hope you can help me, I was wondering how do you remove the pulp from the seeds? I think the author of that book died about 20 years ago but it is still in print here and there. Now I know we’re supposed to eat lower on the food chain and so on, but seriously, a cup of spider-dropping tea? And “Rhus Copallina” seems associated to the names “Shining Sumac” / “Winged Sumac” and with images of shiny leaves very different from “Rhus Typhina” leaves. First year shoots off old stumps are the best, but the spring-time tips of old branches are also edible but not as good. I can remember them growing all over southern Maine and to this day can still go to a stand of them where we used to play. Since I collected the tops and made lemonade, and already have tons of crushed seeds for a spice, o thought perhaps the young greens maybe 2-3 inches tall might be edible? The Winged Sumac have little “wings” on the stem that other sumacs don’t have. What southern Ontario Shrub or Tree has Orange Berry Fruit Surrounded with Bright Pink Petals? As the winter settles in, the colours in the landscape get muted and any vibrant hues are especially welcome. They will last until next season. They need their vitamin C too and they usually love a good insect bonus. They are quite dry (most of the plants’ leaves have fallen), have a bit of red color left. I prefer two cups and less water. I will also be using this to make candy for Christmas; both gummy and hard candy. Most impressive! Congratulations on the look of your new web site. On our southwestern Virginia mountain top, a large bush of Staghorn Sumac grows right outside our house. Rhus glabra and over 1000 other quality seeds for sale. Fruits are BB/pea-sized berries with hairs and are covered with malic acid, which is what makes grapes and apples tart. Also on the leaf stalk (Rachis) there are pairs of very small leaves at the base of the leaflets. Staghorn sumac has very fuzzy stems, hence the name staghorn. Thirdly, it has white, waxy berries. In the northeast the staghorn sumac (Rhus typhina, synonym: Rhus hirta) predominates. Putting the berries in boiling will release the tannic acid. Copyright 2007-2018 – This web page is the property of Green Deane, LLC. Forgive me if this was covered in the comments. It is a Middle Eastern spice that contains sumac. Sorry for the late reply. They have skinny leaves and like dry ground. I ate some and enjoyed the taste. There are no posion sumacs up here either (or at least none with red fruits). As a young adult, the first time I heard about making an ade from the “poison” berries, I was blown away! One the fruit is dried it is all ground up. Any obvious similarities to sumac seeds escape me. Mr. Brown According to the Canadian Wildlife Federation website there are some other interesting birds that eat Sumac drupes. A Northern Flicker, Titmice, Grosbeaks and all sorts of other birds have also used it as food all winter long. This does an excellent job and then it’s ready to use in ade or as a spice. I take it home and separate the berries from the stems(which is a pain) and then dry it in my over on the lowest setting for around 5 hours or so. That question comes up now and then and as far as I know the answer is no. Appreciated……I always look forward to your e-mails! Noticed in your video (#43) on sumac that you mentioned malic acid as what makes sumac sour, and then later on in your narrative, switched to ascorbic acid. Sure do miss him…. Yes, if they are still tart they have the acid you can use. In your experience, is it possible that the seedlings of staghorn sumac may not show hairs nor serrated leaves while under 4 feet? Usually the entire fruit is ground up. Being a science teacher, I was able to examine it under a stereomicroscope. It isn’t easy, sometimes you have to get out there if you know a rain is coming. IDENTIFICATION: Rhus copallina: Shrub, or small tree in Florida,  leaves large, divided into 11-23 leaflets, midrib has thin “wings.” Twigs and leafstalks velvety, round, with raised dots. The ripe fruit can be used in baking but the tiny black seeds are very hard and can be problematic for the teeth if chewed on. Red sumac berries are okay to consume whereas white sumac berries are poisonous. Planting wild fruits like the staghorn sumac give you more than the tasty fruuit etc.They look beautiful and once established are easy to grow.I’m glad that the guy who unknowingly cut down his blueberry and elderberry plants is getting a second chance and that he like me appreciates wild grapes.These things are not hard to grow and very few shrubs are as pretty as blueberries.Year round they look great.More of our native plants should be used in edible landscapes. Sumac Rubber Candy:  Take on cup of sweetened juice, add two envelopes of gelatin, mix. The Brazilian pepper is on the cusp of toxic/non-toxic. later in the article. Sumac leaves are also chewed for sore gums and rubbed on sore lips. All rights reserved. I do have pictures of the above but will wait to see if you are still using this site. With apologies, I don’t understand the question. Tried it on flat breads and as a rub on chicken, but I found it bitter. In this species, note the “wings” between the leaf pairs. Let me know if you are interested, and I can send you a M.S. After totally drying I ran the drupes through a blender to knock the skin off the seed. Thank you. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Comments or questions about this site, or for permission to use photos and information. another buddy say it is safe to eat and make pies and the back of my mind, i recalled you said white one are the bad ones.. i told him don’t eat any till we are all squared away…if ya tell me how to share your site, i will..can’t wait to dive deeper in the archives…i am a throwback from years gone by, i understand the so called food we buy at store is not as healthy as what we gather in the bush..the smarter us humans get on computers, the dumber we get in the woods or even our own backyards..keep up yer great endeavors. We ate the wild plants in that book along with small mouth bass and a woodchuck, a muskrat which was too tough to even bite, a porcupine, which was really delicious, and some roadkill deer meat. There is another edible part to the sumac: Young shoots, peeled. I’m in Toledo OH, and both types of sumac grow are found in abundance nearly everywhere you look. Rhus is what the Greeks called the sumac and it has come to mean red. Are there any medicinal qualities? To make an ade, use one to two cup of berries per quart of water. It is smooth and seems to be without ill effect when taken in moderation once in a while. Last fall my friends and I gathered POUNDS of heads and thus “cleaned” drupe from stems. It did not seem to have any short-term or intermediate-term effects on my health. I am identifying a whole bunch of trees at a garden that I have worked at and I have come across a Rhus species and have done considerable research in trying to find this tree. The mouthfeel was unpleasant due to the thin, but hard shells surrounding the seed, and the seeds must have tannin in them to make them very bitter. In our neighborhood (La Crosse Wisconsin) we have both staghorn and smooth sumacs, (R. typhina and R. glabra) wild and introduced into landscaping. I suspect that there are several organic acids involved. Connie, when I lived in Ann Arbor, MI, I was able to buy zaatar at Detroit’s Eastern Market. According to the US Department of Agriculture website,  each of those little red fuzzy nubs is called a drupe. I seemed to remember another common edible fruit is technically a drupe. I was lucky to attend one of your Orlando foraging days a year or so ago. Sumacs look edible and toxic at the same time, and with good reason: They’re in a family that has plants we eat and plants that can make you ill. Brazilian pepper does not have terminal clusters. Copy the below url and paste it on your Facebook page. Pour into an 8×8 or 8×10 inch baking pan and refrigerate for an, Thank you for your interesting comments and info,I live in NH and It is 43 rd on the Best Browse List. Even the sap of the poisonous white sumac makes a black varnish. Cardinals too. Word document. I’ve harvested and want to dehydrate and grind for spice . Thanks so much I have ur DVDs on my honey want me list!! The staghorn or smooth sumacs are such common plants that it would be very easy for you to collect more seed than you would be able to use in a year.

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