The second way is the circumflex or rising accent. In addition to standard Lithuanian, there are dialects somewhat corresponding to the ethnographic regions. There are two main dialects of Lithuanian. It belongs to the Indo-European group and is the nearest idiom to Sanskrit. The first book written in Lithuanian is Katekizmas by Martynas Mažvydas.It was published in East Prussia in 1547. Lithuanian was first attested in a printed book, which is a Catechism by Martynas Mažvydas published in 1547. There are two main dialects of Lithuanian. One way is the acute or falling accent. The standard Lithuanian comes from West Aukštaitian. The phrase tvirtaprãdė príegaidė has the literal meaning "firm-start accent". Latvian appeared in a printed Catechism in 1585. Both of these dialects have three sub-dialects, and the regions of the country are related to the dialect that is spoken. Samogitian dialect: Western Samogitian Western Samogitian sub-dialect The Aukštaitia is the basis for the standard dialect in Lithuania. Lithuanian is the official language of the country of Lithuania, and also in the Gmina Punsk area of Poland. A Lithuanian literary language has been in existence since the 16th With diverse combinations of dipthongs and ogonek vowels, this dialect has truly embodied incomparable features. "The Lithuanian language is more ancient than Greek, Latin, German, Celtic and the Slav tongues. There are significant differences between standard Lithuanian and Samogitian. The Lithuanian language has two dialects: the Aukštaičių (Aukštaitia , Highland Lithuanian), and the Žemaičių/Žemaitiu (Samogitian, Lowland Lithuanian). Samogitian can be divided into West, North and South, while Aukstaitian is divided into West, East, and Dainavian. Samogitian is used mostly in West Lithuania, and the other that is widely used in the whole country is Aukštaitian (Highlanders' dialect). The subject was raised in Vilnius, Lithuania, when it was part of the Soviet Union, but she has spent a large part of her adult life in the United States (Southern California). The resemblance, indeed, is so close that Lithuanian peasants can understand Sanskrit sentences pronounced by learned scholars." Yiddish dialects are variants of the Yiddish language and are divided according to the region in Europe where each developed its distinctiveness. It is the most archaic Indo-European language still spoken. Cf., e.g., Old Prussian median 'forest' which seems to have the same origin as the Lithuanian medžias (dialect word for forest). OTHER INFLUENCES ON SPEECH: In Vilnius, there is a strong Lithuanian and Polish influence on the Russian dialect. English: Map of the dialects of the Lithuanian language based on the new classification proposed in 1965 by linguists Zigmas Zinkevičius and Aleksas Girdenis. Linguistically, Yiddish should be divided in distinct Eastern and Western dialects. Samogitian is used mostly in West Lithuania, and the other that is widely used in the whole country is Aukštaitian (Highlanders' dialect). The standard Lithuanian comes from West Aukštaitian. Discouraged under the Soviet occupation as "tongue of the uneducated" and thus heavily declined in use, the dialects recently earned some respect. In Old Prussian it appears that the final -n has been retained whereas in Lithuanian the -n has been lost and the preceding vowel was lengthened. The first book written in Lithuanian is Katekizmas by Martynas Mažvydas.It was published in East Prussia in 1547. The Lithuanian language has two dialects (tarmės): Aukštaičių (Aukštaitian, Highland Lithuanian), Žemaičių/Žemaitiu (Samogitian, Lowland Lithuanian). The modern Samogitian dialect formed in the 13th-16th centuries under the influence of the Curonian language. In the Lithuanian language, heavy syllables (those with stress) may be pronounced in one of two prosodically distinct ways that are determined by accent and pitch. Lithuanian language, East Baltic language most closely related to Latvian; it is spoken primarily in Lithuania, where it has been the official language since 1918. It may be described as sudden, sharp or rough.

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